Amanda Hill-Dixon (The Young Foundation) and David Luckin (Co-op).
In 2017 the Co-op, in partnership with The Young Foundation and Geolytix, set out to understand what ‘community wellbeing’ means to people across the UK. We did this to support the creation of an index of community wellbeing. The Co-op Community Wellbeing Index is the first measure of community wellbeing at a local level across all four nations of the UK.
Concern for community has always been part of the Co-op’s purpose, values and principles. As a member owned organisation, the Co-op has the opportunity to connect with the communities served by its businesses through its members. The Community Wellbeing Index is a resource for understanding what communities need and helping Co-op members and others get actively involved to make them stronger.
Understanding Community Wellbeing
We felt that it was important to find out directly from communities themselves what they feel helps them to live well. We wanted to get to the heart of what matters most in a local community – from strong relationships and active participation to good, local schools, affordable housing and public transport links. Through a series of 15 community co-production workshops, we worked with over 400 people from across the UK to explore their experiences and understanding of community wellbeing (see map).
We also reviewed existing evidence, frameworks and measures relating to community wellbeing, and interviewed experts from across the UK.
Together, we developed a concept of community wellbeing defined as, “a collective feeling of leading a ‘good life’, shared and created by people and organisations. Community wellbeing is more than the sum of people’s individual wellbeing; it is the relationships between people and with place.”
Measuring Community Wellbeing
Once we had defined the concept of community wellbeing, we broke this down into three key pillars – ‘People’, ‘Place’ and ‘Relationships’. These in turn were split into nine measurable categories or domains:
Within each domain, we identified the most appropriate measures to use and identified the best available data at local level for over 28,000 neighbourhoods from across the UK. A full list of the indicators and data sources used can be found here.
The Index allows users to compare the level of community wellbeing in each area with the national average, and neighbouring localities, and to reflect on the strengths and challenges of their community.
Using the Community Wellbeing Index
Over 3,000 Co-op members have already tested the Index. The majority of members found the Index easy to understand, felt that it reflected their understanding of the needs of their communities and said that it was something they would share with others who might find it useful.
“It was very interesting to see where there are ‘gaps’ in the community, things that need improving. Where I live it appears to be ‘Voice and participation’ which is lacking whilst others were relatively high.” (Co-op Member, Nottingham)
As well as being useful for Co-op members and communities more broadly, the Index can be used by local government, charities and community organisations to reflect on how their communities are doing and as a spring-board for evidence-based action.
Over the next year we are looking forward to sharing and testing the Index more broadly.
If you have any questions about the Index, or if you have ideas for how to develop it further, please contact the Co-op at (email@example.com).